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What Are Closed Comedones?

What Are Closed Comedones?

Posted by Kelly Duncan on 28th Dec 2018

Closed Comedones, ever heard of that?

You might not have heard the name but I’m pretty certain we’ve all experienced it at some point. It’s basically those annoying ‘bumps’ you get on your skin that aren’t quite spots and tend to stick around for a long while!

Technically speaking, Closed comedones are whiteheads when the follicle is completely blocked. However, a comedo when ‘open’ is known as a blackhead and both types can occur with or without acne which means it’s not something you stop getting after the teenage years. Unfortunately.

If your skin feels rough or bumpy then it’s probably closed comedos. Closed comedones look like little bumps across the skin's surface. They're not red and inflamed like your typical pimple, and they don't hurt.

They develop when a plug of skin cells and oil becomes trapped within the hair follicle. The plug fills the follicle, swelling it out and creating that bump that you see on your skin. They can happen anywhere on your skin including neck, chest and back but typically most common on the face.

Unlike with open comedones (better known as blackheads), in closed comedones the pore openings are obstructed. The oil plug is not exposed to air, so it doesn't take on a brown/black colour. In fact, some closed comedones develop an obvious white head. These types of closed comedones are called milia.

Some people are more prone to developing comedones, or pore blockages, than others. Everyone gets closed comedones every now and then. But if you have a lot of them, and they're fairly constant, you probably have a type of acne called comedonal acne.

Closed comedones are really common during the tween and teen years, as the skin's sebaceous glands (also known as your oil glands) ramp up production. With all that excess oil, comedones are more likely to form. But teens aren't the only people who get these blemishes. They're also common in adults with oily skin. Some studies suggest that smokers are more likely to develop closed comedones, too. Not only that, but certain products that you put on your skin might be contributing to these blemishes. Heavy creams and lotions are often the culprits. Makeup, especially oil-based products, can also do it.

If your breakouts are concentrated mostly around the hairline, you might want to take a closer look at your hair products as they might be triggering your blemishes!

How to get rid of them I hear you ask? Gentle exfoliation. Scrubbing your skin within an inch of its life will damage it and not help it repair at all.

It can be tempting to opt for products that are glycolic, or retinol based to get rid of them fast but trust us, you will do more damage than good in the long run! There are natural alternatives to this kind of exfoliation.

We recommend a pure and natural face wash with a natural exfoliation sponge and plenty of hydration. Hydrated skin always works with you!

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